Japanese Quail: Also known more commonly as Coturnix Quail, Pharoah Quail, and Jumbo Coturnix Quail. These two quail breeds are the best options for adding value to a more independent lifestyle. These are the Gambel’s quail, scaled quail, and Mearns’ or Montezuma quail. Some species may be kept in coveys, perfect for larger scale productions.

When considering quail species to raise; size, egg production, and temperament should lead your decision making.

Types of Quail Arizonans have the privilege of hunting three species of quail – four, if the new California quail found along the Little Colorado River drainage in Apache County are included.

There are a couple breeds that have become the most popular to own in captivity because of their high production rates: the Coturnix and the Bobwhite. While all 15 or so quail species prefer to inhabit forests and woodlands, each quail variety displays slightly different features resulting from the birds' environmental adaptations.

Quail farming is popular with urban farms, in avian collections, and for game preserves. The varieties are generally distinguished by feather color, though some of them do have slight physiological differences. Quail are raised for both eggs and meat, and they have a short life span, between 2 and 4 years of age. Quail Species Information Quail Photo Gallery Quail is a collective name for several genera of mid-sized birds in the pheasant family Phasianidae, or in the family Odontophoridae.

These fleet-footed game birds are usually found in open areas and gather in coveys. The Pharaoh, for example, is an exceptional layer, producing about 300 eggs a year. There are five types of quails found in North America not including the Bobwhite.

The male slightly smaller weighing in around 100 to 140 grams.

Quail species distribution presents a bit of a riddle.

With a selective breeding program, a larger bird can be produced. Quails are experts in seeking shelter in clumps of bushes where they altogether disappear. Varieties of coturnix quail include British Range, Tuxedo, English White, Manchurian Golden, Texas A&M and Pharaoh. The New World quails (endemic to the Americas) are not closely related, but are named for their similar appearance and behaviour.

(4 - 5 ounces). Adult Japanese Quail females are generally larger than the males and weigh in the range of 120 - 160 grams. Others do better in pairs, a perfect addition to a planted aviary. The below address the Old World species (Europe, Africa, Asia) .

(4.5 to 6 ounces).